Introduction About Ayurveda
Ayurveda originated more than 5000 years ago. It is the oldest system of medicine known to mankind. It is based on the fundamental laws of nature at work in the universe, in the environment and in all living physiologies. The word 'Ayurveda' is a Sanskrit word which basically consists of two words.
One is 'Ayur', which means lifespan and word ‘Veda’, means knowledge or science. so the Ayurveda as a whole literally the science of life and longevity which defines lifespan as a balance union of body,sense,mind and consciousness. Ayurveda has a holistic approach focuses on maintain health, to prevent from illness and treat diseases.
Ayurveda offers a comprehensive method of diagnosis and array of therapies that emphasize prevention, purification, a natural safe health care. Ayurveda has a unique approach to natural health care .Ayurveda develops a personalized health plan ,which customized according to individuals physiology or body mind type .It addresses specific imbalance through diet recommendation ,herbs, life style, Ayurveda therapies, Ayurveda detoxification programme, yoga and meditation.
Today on the Indian subcontinent, Ayurveda is a part of primary health care system. Universities offer Five and half years of under graduate studies in Ayurveda including one year Internship. Universities also offer Master degree and doctorate programme in Ayurveda.
Ayurveda describes a common basis of understanding for human physiology, cosmic physiology and herbs. This understanding is based on five elements-
Vata performs functions of circulation, transportation and communications and represents all macro and micro channels such as nervous system, circulatory system etc.
Pitta is transforming or metabolizing, represent enzymes and hormones.
Kapha comprises all structures and represents body tissues like bones, muscles tissue, nervous tissue, fat tissue etc.
As long as doshas are normal in quantity and quality, they maintain a harmonious psychophysiology. The movement they go out of balance, they corrupt or pollute the dhatus (Bodily tissues) and then they become Dosha. Therefore, Dosha is that which becomes vitiated and affects the bodily tissues, leading to diseases. But in a healthy way, Dosha means three principals that govern psycho physiological response and pathological changes.
In Ayurveda body, mind, consciousness work together in maintaining balance .According to Ayurvedic philosophy, the entire cosmos is interplay of the energies of five elements. Vata, Pita and Kaphas are the combination of five elements that manifest as pattern in all creation. Each person’s combination and proportions of Vata, Pitta and Kapha are determined by the genetics, diet, lifestyle and emotion of the parents, among other factors at the time of conception. The combination of three doshas, which forms the person’s constitution and is set at conception, is called prakriti. Prakriti is simply the unique psychophysical make up and functional habits of a person.
There is also a state called “Vikruti”, which reveals the present state of the three doshas .Vikruti reflects any aspects of diet, life style, emotion, age , environment etc, that are not in harmony with one’s prakriti .An Ayurvedic physician can establish this difference between prakriti and Vikruti through a variety of procedures that include taking a life history, analyzing the face and tongue , taking the pulse reading .No matter what the constitution, it is possible to archive optimal health through proper diet, cooking methods , lifestyle and an attitude towards life that specially suits each individual.